Before Opting for a Personal Loan

By virtue of being an unsecured loan, personal loans have a very high rate of interest attached to it. So one should consider taking a personal loan only if:

  • You do not have an asset/security against which you can get a loan. For e.g. if you have an FD you can pledge, a secure loan might make more sense.
  • You have some visibility on your cash flows and are sure that you will be able to repay the EMIs (Equated Monthly Installments) in time. Else you are bound to enter into a debt trap.
  • There is an emergency and you need funds immediately. A personal loan can be taken because the processing time is much lesser on account of minimal documentation.

Opt for personal loans only to meet your essential needs which cannot wait. It should be your last resort. Taking it for satisfying leisure needs can prove to be costly i.e. for gambling, buying a new car (a car loan is a better bet with a lower interest) etc.

Before you choose your personal loan:

Calculate the cheapest loan offer: These loans come with very high interest rates ranging from 14% to 25%. Compare interest rates and get the complete picture by understanding the annualized interest rates for each offer. Then figure out the total amount of repayment you need to shell out with all the offers before opting for the loan of your choice.

Processing fee et al: You need to keep in mind the processing fee and other fees that will be levied when you apply for your personal loan.

Prepayment penalty check: Ask upfront if there would be any penalty payments for prepayment of the personal loan at any point in time. More often than not loan consumers tend to pay up their loans earlier than planned to be rid of debt. Hence, it’s important to know if your personal loan offer allows part prepayments. If that is the case, then you should be aware from what time frame in the loan period you can start prepaying and understand the cost you incur due to such prepayments in part or full.

EMI and tenure: Evaluate all loan offers. The first condition for loan offer selection is the total money outflow that the loan will cost. The second factor is the EMI. A loan offer with a lower EMI and a longer tenure may seem attractive, as it could be easy on your purse strings, however not all such loans prove to be cost effective in the long run. Hence, first calculate the total loan cost and then try to opt for a higher EMI, which you can comfortably manage to enable a shorter loan tenure.

Keeping track of your credit history: Especially in the case of unsecured loans, your credit history, which is recorded by CIBIL (Credit Bureau India Limited) plays a critical role in your loan application being accepted. A good repayment track record ensures an instant loan approval but brownie points in the form of more attractive interest rates.

Who is eligible for a personal loan?

The eligibility criteria and their specific details may differ from banks to bank based on their perception of the risks associated with such loans. However, nearly all banks divide the potential borrowers into three categories:

  • Salaried individuals
  • Self employed individuals
  • Self employed professionals

Other factors which are taken into consideration are, age, residence, work experience, repayment capacity, past obligations and place of work.

What documents are required for personal loans?

Personal loans require the least number of documents, making it the fastest to be approved. Typically, financial institutions would require proof of identity, residence, income and also 3 to 6 months of your bank statements. Some banks also require guarantors and the same set of their documents.

Alternatives to a personal loan

As indicated in the beginning of the article if you have access to investments that you can pledge, like shares, fixed deposits, gold, insurance policies etc. you can obtain a loan against them. The interest rates are lower compared to personal loan interest rates.

Personal Loans – All You Wanted to Know

The main features are:
It is a unsecured loan suitable for any purpose Like:

– Education
– Marriage
– Medical purpose
– Purchase of Property or Assets
– Repay old loans
– Investments
– Holidays
– Gifts…etc.

It is hassle free. No guarantors or security /collateral required. Loans to salaried & self-employed. Special offers for Professionals like Doctors, Chartered accountants, Engineers, Architects, Company secretaries, MBA’s etc. Loans are available from Rs. 50, 000/- to Rs. 20 lakh. Repayment options from 12 to 60 months in easy EMI’s. Loans available against surrogate income of any auto, personal or home loan.

Minimum documentation & fast approval. What are the Various types of personal loans available? Personal loans can be broadly divided into income based and non income based. Income based loans are given on the basis of income per month/per year for salaried and self employed respectively. Non income based loans also know as surrogate loans are given based on repayment track records of existing personal loans, car loans, home loans and Credit cards from approved banks. Minimum instalments paid/Months on books required is 9-12 months.

WHAT ARE THE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIAS?
The eligibility criteria for salaried and self employed are:

SALARIED:
Applicant should be Indian citizens working and residing in Mumbai.
Minimum age required is 21 years and Maximum 58/60 years.
Minimum Work Experience-1 month in current company and 3 years overall.
Minimum Net Take Home – Rs. 20, 000/- per month.
Residence-either Owned, rented or company provided.
Telephone/mobile mandatory at residence.
Currently most of the banks are providing unsecured personal loans only to employees of Private Ltd , Limited and multinational companies.

SELF EMPLOYED:
Applicant should be Indian Citizens Working and residing in Mumbai.
Minimum age required is 23/25 years and Maximum 65 years.
Minimum 3 years experience in same business.
Minimum income Rs. 2. 50 lakh per anum.
Residence/Office -either Owned, rented or company provided. Either residence or office should be self owned.
Telephone/mobile mandatory at residence and office.
Partnership firms , Private Ltd. companies and deemed Limited companies are eligible.

HOW IS ELIGIBILITY CALCULATED?

Different banks have different ways of calculating the eligibility. In the case of Salaried generally most of the banks would calculate eligibility to be 1/1. 5 times of annual income. Factors such as existing loan liabilities , average bank balance, track record on existing loans , company profile & loan tenure also plays a part in deciding eligibility.
In the case of Self Employed’s the eligibility would depend on the turnover, existing track record, net profit, cash credit /overdraft limit enjoyed, line of business, cash flow, bank statement, existing loan liability amongst other things. Generally the loan amount is limited at 1. 25 to 4 times of cash profit generated less existing liabilities or a certain percentage of turnover less existing liabilities.

WHAT IS THE LOAN TENURE?

Loan tenure is the period within which the applicant wants to repay the loan. Loans can be repaid from 1 year to 5 years. The rule of the thumb being longer the tenure higher would be the loan eligibility and vice versa. The age of the applicant along with period of service left also influences the loan tenure.

WHAT ARE SERVICE CHARGES?

Service charges, loan processing charges , bank charges are various ways of describing the fees which the bank charges for processing and disbursing loans. It is deducted directly from the loan amount and is generally restricted to 2% to 3 % of the loan amount. It is a one time fee.

WHAT ARE THE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED?

SALARIED:

– Photograph.
– Pan card copy.
– Current residence proof.
– Salary slips for 3 months.
– Bank statement for 6 months.
– Appointment letter and proof of work experience.
– Sanction letters of existing/closed loans.

SELF EMPLOYED:

– Photograph.
– Pan card copy.
– Residence and office address proof(Either residence or
– Office should be self owned).
– IT Returns – CA certified copies for 2 years complete set.
– Business continuity/existence proof 3 years old.
– Business banking 6 months.
– All existing loan sanction letters.
– Qualification proof for professionals.

WHAT IS THE LOAN PROCESS?

One can apply for a personal loan any time in anticipation of a quick, hassle free and unsecured finance for any purpose. The verification process at residence and office is physically done within 2/3 days on submission of all documents required. There is a simultaneous credit check done to find out the credit history of the applicant in the bank applied as also other banks. If all the checks are positive the credit officer normally has either a telephonic or physical discussion with the applicant at his office/place of work.

Subject to the discussion being positive the applicant has to sign an agreement and also hand over PDC’c(Post Dated Checks) or authorization for ECS(Electronic Clearing System). The applicant generally gets either a direct credit in his/her account or receives a Draft within 2/3 working days after executing the agreement. The entire Process may take 5/7 working days.

WHO CAN APPLY?

Salaried individuals and Self employed individuals, Partnership firms, Pvt. Ltd. and Deemed Ltd. companies can apply.

What are the Income Criterias for Salaried?
A Salaried Individual needs to have Minimum NTH(Net Take Home Salary) Of Rs. 20000/- pm.

What are the income criteria for self employed?
Minimum Income of Rs. 2. 5 to Rs. 3 lakh per annum is the accepted norm.

What is the minimum and maximum loan amount?
The minimum loan amount for salaried is Rs. 50, 000/- and maximum Rs. 15 lakhs. For Self employed the minimum loan is Rs. 1 lakh and maximum 20 lakh.

WHAT ARE THE AGE CRITERIAS?
For salaried the minimum age is 21 years and maximum 60 years.
For Self employed’s the Minimum age required is 25 years and maximum 65 years.

Is a no income Proof loan available?
Yes, salaried individuals and self employed’s can apply on the basis of existing personal loan, auto loan & home loan tracks on which minimum 9/12 EMI’s have been paid.

WHAT IS THE LOAN TENURE?
The minimum loan tenure is 1 year and maximum 5 years.

Is securities or guarantors required for a personal loan?
No security, hypothecation, guarantors or mortgages is required in a personal Loan.

Can a person staying on rent apply?
Yes, applicants staying either on owned, rented or company provided accommodation can apply. Permanent residence address proof may be required in case of rented/leased, company provided accommodation.

WHAT ARE THE INTEREST CHARGES?
Interest charges depends on various factors like the Loan Amount, Company profile, qualification & Income etc. It could vary from 16 % to 26% on a monthly reducing basis.

CAN THE LOAN BE PREPAID?
Yes, the loan can be prepaid after paying 6 installment.

ARE THERE PREPAYMENT CHARGES?
Generally all banks charge 4% to 5% of the principle outstanding as prepayment charges.

Before Opting for a Personal Loan

By virtue of being an unsecured loan, personal loans have a very high rate of interest attached to it. So one should consider taking a personal loan only if:

  • You do not have an asset/security against which you can get a loan. For e.g. if you have an FD you can pledge, a secure loan might make more sense.
  • You have some visibility on your cash flows and are sure that you will be able to repay the EMIs (Equated Monthly Installments) in time. Else you are bound to enter into a debt trap.
  • There is an emergency and you need funds immediately. A personal loan can be taken because the processing time is much lesser on account of minimal documentation.

Opt for personal loans only to meet your essential needs which cannot wait. It should be your last resort. Taking it for satisfying leisure needs can prove to be costly i.e. for gambling, buying a new car (a car loan is a better bet with a lower interest) etc.

Before you choose your personal loan:

Calculate the cheapest loan offer: These loans come with very high interest rates ranging from 14% to 25%. Compare interest rates and get the complete picture by understanding the annualized interest rates for each offer. Then figure out the total amount of repayment you need to shell out with all the offers before opting for the loan of your choice.

Processing fee et al: You need to keep in mind the processing fee and other fees that will be levied when you apply for your personal loan.

Prepayment penalty check: Ask upfront if there would be any penalty payments for prepayment of the personal loan at any point in time. More often than not loan consumers tend to pay up their loans earlier than planned to be rid of debt. Hence, it’s important to know if your personal loan offer allows part prepayments. If that is the case, then you should be aware from what time frame in the loan period you can start prepaying and understand the cost you incur due to such prepayments in part or full.

EMI and tenure: Evaluate all loan offers. The first condition for loan offer selection is the total money outflow that the loan will cost. The second factor is the EMI. A loan offer with a lower EMI and a longer tenure may seem attractive, as it could be easy on your purse strings, however not all such loans prove to be cost effective in the long run. Hence, first calculate the total loan cost and then try to opt for a higher EMI, which you can comfortably manage to enable a shorter loan tenure.

Keeping track of your credit history: Especially in the case of unsecured loans, your credit history, which is recorded by CIBIL (Credit Bureau India Limited) plays a critical role in your loan application being accepted. A good repayment track record ensures an instant loan approval but brownie points in the form of more attractive interest rates.

Who is eligible for a personal loan?

The eligibility criteria and their specific details may differ from banks to bank based on their perception of the risks associated with such loans. However, nearly all banks divide the potential borrowers into three categories:

  • Salaried individuals
  • Self employed individuals
  • Self employed professionals

Other factors which are taken into consideration are, age, residence, work experience, repayment capacity, past obligations and place of work.

What documents are required for personal loans?

Personal loans require the least number of documents, making it the fastest to be approved. Typically, financial institutions would require proof of identity, residence, income and also 3 to 6 months of your bank statements. Some banks also require guarantors and the same set of their documents.

Alternatives to a personal loan

As indicated in the beginning of the article if you have access to investments that you can pledge, like shares, fixed deposits, gold, insurance policies etc. you can obtain a loan against them. The interest rates are lower compared to personal loan interest rates.